Fred Gwynne

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Fred Gwynne Joe E. Ross Car 54 Where Are You 1962.jpg
Born (1926-07-10)July 10, 1926
Where New York City, New York|, U.S.
Died July 2, 1993(1993-07-02) (aged 66)
Where Taneytown|, Maryland, U.S.
Gender {{{gender}}}
Years Active 1951–1992
Roles {{{roles}}}
Parents {{{parents}}}
Spouse Jean "Foxy" Reynard (1952–1980; divorced)[1]
Deborah Flater (1988–1993; his death)
Birth Name Frederick Hubbard Gwynne
Occupation Actor
First Appearance: {{{first}}}

Last Appearance: {{{last}}}

Frederick Hubbard "Fred" Gwynne (July 10, 1926 – July 2, 1993) was an American actor. Gwynne was best known for his roles in the 1960s sitcoms| Car 54 and The Munsters, as well as his later roles in The Cotton Club|, Pet Sematary| and My Cousin Vinny.

Early life[edit]

thumb|Dorothy Ficken, Gwynne's mother, in 1917| Gwynne was born on July 10, 1926, in New York City, son of Frederick Walker Gwynne, a partner in the securities firm Gwynne Brothers, and his wife, Dorothy (Ficken).[2] His paternal grandfather was an Episcopal| priest born in Camus, near Strabane, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, and his maternal grandfather was an immigrant from London.[2] Gwynne attended the Groton School, and then entered Harvard College where he was affiliated with Adams House|. He graduated in 1951. Although Gwynne grew up in Tuxedo Park,[3] he spent most of his childhood in South Carolina, Florida, and Colorado because his father traveled extensively. At Harvard, he was a member of the Fly Club, sang with the a cappella group the Harvard Krokodiloes,[4] was a cartoonist for the Harvard Lampoon (eventually becoming its president), and acted in the Hasty Pudding Theatricals shows.

During World War II, Gwynne served in the United States Navy. He later studied art under the G.I. Bill.


[[wikipedia:File:Al Lewis Beverley Owen Fred Gwynne Munsters Halloween publicity photo 1964.JPG|thumb|180px|left|Gwynne as Herman, sharing a toast with Al Lewis| (Grandpa) while Beverley Owen (Marilyn) looks on|]] Gwynne joined the Brattle Theatre Repertory Company after graduation,[5] then moved to New York City. To support himself, Gwynne worked as a copywriter for J. Walter Thompson, resigning in 1952 upon being cast in his first Broadway| role, a gangster in a comedy called Mrs. McThing, which starred Helen Hayes.[5]

In 1954 he made his first cinematic appearance playing - in an uncredited role - the laconic character "Slim" in the Oscar-winning film On the Waterfront opposite Marlon Brando and Lee J. Cobb. Shortly afterwards Phil Silvers sought him out for his television show because he had been impressed by Gwynne's comedic work in Mrs. McThing. As a result, in 1955, Gwynne made a memorable appearance on The Phil Silvers Show, in the episode "The Eating Contest" as the character Private Ed Honnergar, whose depressive| eating binges are exploited by Sgt. Bilko (Phil Silvers)|, who seeks prize money by entering Honnergar in an eating contest. Gwynne's second appearance on The Phil Silvers Show (in the episode "Its For The Birds" in 1956 in which Bilko persuades bird expert Honnergar to go on The $64,000 Question) and many other shows led writer-producer Nat Hiken to cast him in the sitcom Car 54 as Patrolman Francis Muldoon, opposite Joe E. Ross. During the two-season run of the program he met longtime friend and later co-star, Al Lewis|. Gwynne was 6 ft 5 in (1.96 m) tall, an attribute that contributed to his being cast as Herman Munster, a goofy parody of Frankenstein's monster, in the sitcom The Munsters. For his role he had to wear 40 or 50 lbs of padding, makeup, and 4-inch asphalt-spreader boots. His face was painted a bright violet because it captured the most light on the black-and-white film.[citation needed] Gwynne was known for his sense of humor and retained fond recollections of Herman, saying in later life, "... I might as well tell you the truth. I love old Herman Munster. Much as I try not to, I can't stop liking that fellow."[5] After his iconic role in The Munsters, he found himself typecast|, unable to gain new character roles for over two years.[6] In 1969, he was cast as Jonathan Brewster in a television production of Arsenic and Old Lace|. (The Brewster character had originally been played by Boris Karloff in the Broadway theater production of the play; Karloff had also famously played the movies' Frankenstein character that Gwynne's Herman Munster character would later be based on.)

A talented vocalist, Gwynne sang in a Hallmark Hall of Fame made-for-television production, The Littlest Angel (1969), and went on to perform in a variety of roles on stage and screen. In 1974, drawing upon his own Southern roots, he appeared in the role of Big Daddy Pollitt in the Broadway revival of Cat on a Hot Tin Roof with Elizabeth Ashley, Keir Dullea and Kate Reid. In 1975 he played the Stage Manager in Our Town at the American Shakespeare Theatre in Stratford. He returned to Broadway in 1976 as Colonel J. C. Kinkaid in two parts of A Texas Trilogy. In 1984, he tried out for the part of Henry on the show| Punky Brewster. He is said to have withdrawn from the audition in frustration when the auditioner identified him as Herman Munster rather than by his real name.[citation needed] The role of Henry subsequently went to George Gaynes. In 1987, Gwynne starred in a short-lived TV series Jake's M.O. where he played an investigative reporter.

Gwynne's performance as Jud Crandall in Pet Sematary| was based on author Stephen King himself, who is also quite tall — only an inch shorter than the actor — and uses a similarly thick Maine dialect. Gwynne also had roles in the movies Simon|, On the Waterfront, So Fine|, Disorganized Crime, The Cotton Club|, Captains Courageous, The Secret of My Success|, Water|, Ironweed|, Fatal Attraction and The Boy Who Could Fly. Despite his misgiving about having been typecast, he also agreed to reprise the role of Herman Munster for the 1981 TV reunion movie The Munsters' Revenge. In his last film, Gwynne played Judge Chamberlain Haller in the 1992 film| comedy My Cousin Vinny. As a Yale Law School educated judge in the film, he used a Southern accent| in his verbal sparring with Joe Pesci's character, Vincent "Vinny" Gambini, over how to pronounce the word "youths" which was prominently featured in the film's trailer.

Vinny: Is it possible that the two yout's--
Judge Haller: Uh, the two what? Uh, uh, what was that word?
Vinny: Uh, what word?
Judge Haller: Two what?
Vinny: What?
Judge Haller: Did you say "yutes"?
Vinny: Yeah, two yout's.
Judge Haller: What is a yute?
Vinny: Oh, excuse me, Your Honor, two youuuuths.

In addition to his acting career, Gwynne sang professionally, painted, and wrote and illustrated children's books, including It's Easy to See Why, A Chocolate Moose for Dinner, The King Who Rained, Best In Show, Pondlarker, The Battle of the Frogs and Mice, and A Little Pigeon Toad. Many of these efforts were based on children's frequent misperceptions of things they hear from adults, such as the "chocolate moose for dinner," which was illustrated as a large brown quadruped seated at the dinner table. The other books on this theme were "The King Who Rained", "A Little Pigeon Toad" (in which a child's mother thus describes her father), and "The Sixteen Hand Horse". Perhaps one of the reasons the books did not achieve wider popularity was the fact that their format was geared to a very young audience, but the concept itself was more appealing to older children and adults. He also lent his voice talents to commercials and radio shows such as CBS Radio Mystery Theater ("Kill Now and Pay Later", "Gate 27"), and for some radio fans, he is known foremost for his contribution to CBSRMT's success. Later, he held a number of shows of his artwork, the first in 1989.

Personal life[edit]

In 1952, Gwynne married socialite Jean "Foxy" Reynard,[6] a granddaughter of New York City mayor William Jay Gaynor.[1] Before divorcing in 1980, the couple had five children: Gaynor (daughter, b. 1952); Kieron (son, b. 1954); Evan (son, b. 1956); Madyn (daughter, b. 1958) and Dylan (son, b. 1960 / d. 1963, drowning).[7][8] Dylan died in a drowning accident as a child in 1963, and Keiron was born with developmental disabilities (reported also as having suffered a traumatic head injury as a small child).

In 1988, Gwynne married Deborah Flater.[7]


Gwynne died of pancreatic cancer, in his sleep at his home, on July 2, 1993, eight days short of his 67th birthday.[9]

Selected filmography[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Enchanted Lady: The colorful columnist is moving into Ridgefield". January 4, 2010. Ridgefield Holiday magazine '09-'10 archives.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Gwynne family genealogy".
  3. "Harvard Crimson 1949"
  4. "Tribute to Fred Gwynne". Harvard Krokodiloes website.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Lambert, Bruce (July 3, 1993) "Fred Gwynne, Popular Actor, Is Dead at 66". The New York Times, p. 8: Reference for Harvard Lampoon, [[wikipedia:Hasty Pudding Theatricals|]], Brattle Theatre, "Mrs. McThing."
  6. 6.0 6.1 YouTube: Fred Gwynne Documentary, accessed 22 Nov 2015
  7. 7.0 7.1 Lambert, Bruce (July 3, 1993). "Fred Gwynne, Popular Actor, Is Dead at 66". [[wikipedia:The New York Times|]].
  8. "Fred Gwynne".

External links[edit]

Category:1926 births Category:1993 deaths Category:American Methodists Category:American male film actors Category:American male television actors Category:American male stage actors Category:Groton School alumni Category:Harvard Lampoon people Category:Harvard University alumni Category:Deaths from pancreatic cancer Category:Male actors from New York City Category:Deaths from cancer in Maryland Category:Burials in Maryland Category:American military personnel of World War II Category:United States Navy sailors Category:20th-century American male actors